phenol formaldehyde resin formula

3. Melamine resins are water clear but are more expensive. ECHA maintains the C&L Inventory, but does not review or verify the accuracy of the information. The cure kinetics of commercial phenol–formaldehyde (PF), used as oriented strandboard face and core resins, were studied using isothermal and dynamic differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). percent polymerized butadiene and 20 wt. percent polymerized acrylamide. Die Verordnung über die vorherige Zustimmung nach Inkenntnissetzung (PIC-Verordnung) regelt die Aus- und Einfuhr bestimmter gefährlicher Chemikalien und erlegt Unternehmen, die diese Chemikalien in Nicht-EU-Länder ausführen möchten, Verpflichtungen auf. MORRIS LIEBMAN, Primary Examiner. CAS Number: 92-69-3. Worum geht es bei der Verordnung über Biozidprodukte (BPR)? Particularly in liquid compositions to be used for phenolic foams, excessive amounts of diol can be detrimental to the physical properties, such as viscosity, required for preparation of a satisfactory foam. The residual cloudy ethylene glycol dispersion of the butadiene-acrylamide copolymer had a Brookfield viscosity at C. of about 10,000 cps. Our resins are adaptable to a wide variety of … About 40% of these are polymer, 15% are petroleum additives, and 13% are adhesives & sealants. The quality and correctness of the information submitted to ECHA remains the responsibility of the data submitter. Epoxidharze (EP-Harze) sind Kunstharze, die Epoxidgruppen tragen. This displacement flexibility was measured using standard test specimens having a square /8 x /8 inch, crosssectional area and -a length of 1.5 to 2 inches. The aqueous solution is then acidified and the condensation continued at 40-70 C. until the desired water-insoluble, liquid phenolic resole resin is obtained. Dies ist eine einzigartige Informationsquelle zu Chemikalien, die in Europa hergestellt oder dorthin eingeführt werden. According to the classification provided by companies to ECHA in CLP notifications this substance is toxic to aquatic life with long lasting effects, causes serious eye irritation, causes skin irritation and may cause an allergic skin reaction. The ‘Hazard classification’ and labelling section uses the signal word, pictogram(s) and hazard statements of the substance under the harmonised classification and labelling (CLH) as its primary source of information. Emulsifying and suspending agents are not usually required as the diol diluent itself is an extremely effective polymerization medium. Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: in the production of articles. Was ist das Einstufungs- und Kennzeichnungsverzeichnis? Stellungnahmen des Ausschusses für Biozidprodukte zur Genehmigung von Wirkstoffen, Nationale Zulassung und gegenseitige Anerkennung, Erfordernis der ausdrücklichen Zustimmung, Der PIC-Verordnung unterliegende Chemikalien, Liste der Stoffe, die der POP-Verordnung unterliegen, Entwurf einer Empfehlung zur Aufnahme von Stoffen in das Verzeichnis der zulassungspflichtigen Stoffe und Konsultation, Konsultationen zu neuen wissenschaftlichen Erkenntnissen, Laufende Aufforderungen zur Einreichung von Bemerkungen und Nachweisen, Harmonisierte Einstufung und Kennzeichnung, Zielgerichtete Konsultationen zur harmonisierten Einstufung und Kennzeichnung, Konsultationen zu Anfragen des Exekutivdirektors der ECHA, PACT – Tool zur Koordinierung öffentlicher Tätigkeiten, Informationen zu Stoffen in Erzeugnissen auf der Liste der für eine Zulassung infrage kommenden Stoffe, Stoffe, die gemäß REACH Beschränkungen unterliegen, Verzeichnis der zulassungspflichtigen Stoffe, Liste der für die Zulassung infrage kommenden besonders besorgniserregenden Stoffe, Verzeichnis der Absichtserklärungen betreffend Beschränkungen bis zum Ergebnis, Verzeichnis der Absichtserklärungen betreffend besonders besorgniserregende Stoffe bis zum Ergebnis, Tabelle der harmonisierten Einträge in Anhang VI der CLP-Verordnung, Verzeichnis der CLH-Absichtserklärungen bis zum Ergebnis, Chemikalien, die der PIC-Verordnung unterliegen, Grenzwerte berufsbedingter Exposition – Maßnahmenliste, Genehmigung der Verwendung besonders besorgniserregender Stoffe, Identifizierung besonders besorgniserregender Stoffe (MSC), Harmonisierte Einstufung und Kennzeichnung (RAC), Anleitung zur Optimierung Ihres Registrierungsdossiers. A typical copolymer-diol dispersion suitable for use in preparing a modified phenolic resin has a Brookfield viscosity of 3000 to 20,000 cps. in case of consumer and professional uses). The Waste Framework Directive aims to protect the environment and human health from the generation and management of waste and to improve efficient use of resources. Phenol Formaldehyde Resin Price - Select 2020 high quality Phenol Formaldehyde Resin Price products in best price from certified Chinese Phenol Formaldehyde manufacturers, Urea Formaldehyde Resin Powder suppliers, wholesalers and factory on Made-in-China.com About of the charged butadiene was polymerized. The EC or list number is the primary substance identifier used by ECHA. epoxy phenol novolak resin: Phenol, polymer with formaldehyde, glycidyl ether or Epichlorohydrin-formaldehyde-phenol copolymer OR Formaldehyde, oligomeric reaction products with 1-chloro-2,3-epoxypropane and phenol A lignin‐based phenolic resin was prepared by replacing different amount of lignin with phenol (0, 20, 50, 80, and 100 wt %). … References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,657,185 10/1953 Young et #al 26017.2 3,145,194 8/1964 Heckmaier et a1. The type of uses and classifications may vary between different submissions to ECHA and for a full understanding it is recommended to consult the source data. (C) A liquid diol selected from the group consisting of C C alkylene glycols and liquid polyalkyleneoxydiols of the formula: HO c n o H- wherein each a is 2 or 3 and n is a number such that the diol has a molecular weight of less than 650. As the liquid diol polymerization medium, ethylene glycol or diethylene glycol is preferred. Polymerization was allowed to continue for another 3 to 4 hours at about 40 C. until a viscous water-insoluble liquid resole resin was obtained. percent polymerized butadiene. 4-Phenylphenol. schließen Diese Nachricht nicht mehr anzeigen. Then the resinous product was washed thoroughly with water. Considerable research has been directed toward modifying these phenol-aldehyde resins to improve such properties as solubility, color, stability, strength, and flexibility. Harmonised classification and labelling is a legally binding classification and labelling for a substance, agreed at European Community level. Die POP-Verordnung verbietet bzw. Preferably, however, low boiling liquids, such as aliphatic hydrocarbons, fluorocarbons, or ethers, having a boiling point in the range from about 20 to 100 C. are used to obtain lower density phenolic foams. REACH registration dossiers have greater data requirements (such as supporting studies) than do notifications under CLP. Particularly desirable copolymers are obtained from a monomeric mixture consisting essentially of from 50 to 90 weight percent of 1,3-butadiene and from 50 to 10 weight percent of acrylamide or methacrylamide. 321,295 16 Claims. inside a watch) or with very low concentrations considered not to pose risks to human health or the environment. A wide variety of phenol formaldehyde resin price options are available to you, such as synthetic resin and plastics, synthetic rubbers, and synthetic fibers. In summary, the present invention relates to an improved liquid phenol-formaldehyde resole resin composition having incorporated therein a minor amount of an alkadiene-acrylamide copolymer prepared by addition polymerization in a liquid diol medium. Die Härtungsmittel sind Reaktionspartner und bilden zusammen mit dem Harz den makromolekularen Kunststoff. 10. ECHA has no public registered data on the routes by which this substance is most likely to be released to the environment. These modified compositions can be advantageously employed in the preparation of a great variety of resinous phenolic products such as castings, adhesive joints, foams, coatings, etc. The phenolic resole composition of claim 1 wherein the liquid diol is diethylene glycol. A substance may have its use restricted to certain articles or products and therefore not all the examples may apply to the specific substance. Formaldehyde, polymers with sulfonated phenol, sodium salts. Melamine Urea Phenol Formaldehyde Resins—for European OSB 3 qualification and particleboard Melamine Formaldehyde Resins. Phenol-formaldehyde resin, sodium salt. (B) In a similar manner a butadiene-acrylamide copolymer dispersion in diethylene glycol was prepared from a mixtureof 30 parts of butadiene, 30 parts of acrylamide, 120 parts of 'diethylene glycol, and 0.3 part of potassium persulfate. The precautionary measures and guidance on safe use are as submitted to ECHA by registrants under the REACH Regulation. Details of dossier compliance checks and testing proposal evaluation. The cure of the face resin completely followed an nth‐order reaction mechanism. Additives such as sand, clay, carbon black, fiberglass and pigments are readily used in casting resin formulations with the modified phenolic resins. The substance identifiers displayed in the InfoCard are the best available substance name, EC number, CAS number and/or the molecular and structural formulas. For preparation of the modified phenolic resins described herein, it is preferable to use a water-insoluble liquid phenolic resole resin having a viscosity of from about 250 to 500 cps. … The molecular formula identifies each type of element by its chemical symbol and identifies the number of atoms of each element found in one discrete molecule of the substance. Phenol-formaldehyde resin In the practice of the present invention, any water-insoluble, liquid, thermosetting phenol-formaldehyde resin may be employed. '(B) A complementary amount of about 50-5 weight 9 percent of an acrylamide monomer having the formula: oH2=( J iNHR' wherein R is H or CH and R is H or C C alkyl, in (C) A liquid diol selected from the group consisting of C -C alkylene glycols and liquid polyalkyleneoxydiols of the formula: 14. The tip of the free end of the test piece was then slowly deflected in a direction perpendicular to the length of the piece until the sample broke. The CLP Regulation uses the UN Global Harmonised System (GHS) and European Union Specific Hazard Statements (EUH). Also in the amounts normally present, the low molecular weight diol is not detrimental in the resin compositions. When information is available in all sources, the first two are displayed as a priority. Although they came into existence at the very start of the age of polymers, they continued to be developed into more and more applications. A majority of data submitters agree this substance is Skin sensitising. If the substance is covered by more than one CLH entry (e.g. parts of butadiene-acrylamide copolymer dispersion. The phenolic compounds in these resins are derived primarily from petrochemical sources. 1 Product Result | Match Criteria: Description Synonym: 4-Hydroxybiphenyl Linear Formula: C 6 H 5 C 6 H 4 OH. Unsere Website wird von Internet Explorer 7 (und älteren Versionen) nicht uneingeschränkt unterstützt. A phenolic foam prepared in an identical manner but without addition of the glycol copolymer additive gave a phenolic foam having a density of 6.0 pounds per cubic foot and a flexibility of 0.2 inch. EXAMPLE 4 Phenolic adhesives A phenolic adhesive was prepared by mixing 100 parts of a phenol-formaldehyde resole resin with 10 parts of the butadieneaacrylamide copolymer dispersion in ethylene glycol (Example 2A) and 4 parts of benzenesulfonyl chloride. A wide variety of phenolic formaldehyde resin powder options are available to you, such as petroleum … C8H6O2. More information about Classification and Labelling is available in the Regulations section of ECHA website. If available, additional information on classification and labelling (C&L) is derived from REACH registration dossiers submitted by industry. schließen Weitere Informationen über unsere Verwendung von Cookies. Here you can find all of the regulations and regulatory lists in which this substance appears, according to the data available to ECHA. This substance has not been registered under the REACH Regulation, therefore as yet ECHA has not received any data about this substance from registration dossiers. Information on precautionary measures and the safe use is submitted by the registrant of a substance and the registrant is solely responsible for its accuracy and completeness. Unless otherwise stated, all parts and percentages are by weight. Other alkylene glycols, such as 1,4-butanediol and 1,6-hexanediol, and low molecular weight polyethyleneoxy or polypropyleneoxydiols can also be used. China Phenol Formaldehyde Resin manufacturers - Select 2020 high quality Phenol Formaldehyde Resin products in best price from certified Chinese Hardware Fittings manufacturers, Interior Coating suppliers, wholesalers and factory on Made-in-China.com The phenolic resole composition of claim 1 wherein the copolymer dispersion consists essentially of about 10-50 weight percent of copolymerized 1,3-butadiene and acrylamide in the liquid diol. Die CLP-Verordnung gewährleistet, dass Arbeitnehmer und Verbraucher in der Europäischen Union durch die Einstufung und Kennzeichnung von Chemikalien eindeutig über die mit Chemikalien verbundenen Gefahren informiert werden. ECHA has no public registered data on the routes by which this substance is most likely to be released to the environment. Die Grenzwerte berufsbedingter Exposition (OEL-Werte) basieren auf zwei Rechtsrahmen, die integraler Bestandteil des EU-Mechanismus zum Schutz der Gesundheit der Arbeitnehmer sind. The phenolic resole composition of claim 1 wherein the liquid diol is ethylene glycol. The resulting liquid phenolic resole resin may contain a small amount of dissolved water, but this generally does not interfere with its subsequent use. Ziel der REACH-Verordnung ist es, den Schutz der menschlichen Gesundheit und der Umwelt vor den Risiken, die durch Chemikalien entstehen können, zu verbessern. 0 - 100 (75) 101 - 200 (43) 201 - 300 (14) 301 - 400 (4) 401 - 500 (1) 601 - 700 (1) Boiling Point (°C) 0 - 100 (34) 101 - 200 (20) 201 - 300 (7) 301 - 400 (2) Melting Point (°C) less than 0 (9) 0 - 100 (39) 101 - 200 (23) 201 - 300 (11) 301 - 400 (1) Color. or more are satisfactory. Guidance on safe use - recommendations by substance registrant on the proper use of the substance in various situations. Public (risk management) activities co-ordination table. As a somewhat less active catalyst, an aromatic sulfonic acid or sulfonyl chloride such as p-toluenesulfonic acid or benzenesulfonyl chloride, is often used. ECHA has no public registered data on the routes by which this substance is most likely to be released to the environment. Based on residual acrylamide monomer, the copolymer contained 77 wt. The modified phenolic resin compositions containing other desired additives are readily cured by standard techniques. In a liquid thermosetting phenolic adhesive composition containing a liquid phenol-formaldehyde resole resin and an aromatic sulfonic acid catalyst, the improvement which consists essentially of incorporating therein from about 05-10 weight percent based on phenolic resin of a rubbery C -C alkadiene-acrylarnide copolymer dispersed in a liquid dio-l, said copolymer dispersion being prepared by the addition polymerization of (A) About 50-95 weight percent of a C C alkadiene monomer selected from the group consisting of 1,3- butadiene, isoprene and 2,3-dimethyl-1,3-butadiene, and. monomer having the formula: wherein R is H or CH and R is H or C -C alkyl, in. The control samples had an average break strength of 800 p.s.i. Use descriptors are adapted from ECHA guidance to improve readability and may not correspond textually to descriptor codes described in Chapter R.12: Use Descriptor system of ECHA Guidance on information requirements and chemical safety assessment. No. However, liquid phenolic compositions are even more essential in the preparation of phenolic foams which require that the initial resole resin be rapidly and thoroughly mixed with a blowing agent and catalyst, and then generally transferred from the mixer to the final mold before appreciable foaming occurs. If a substance is classified under multiple CLH entries, a link to the C&L Inventory is provided to allow users to view CLH information associated with the substance and no text is automatically generated for the InfoCard. Furthermore, the presence of high molecular weight polyalkyleneoxydiols in the modified phenolic resin compositions is not desirable, particularly in compositions to be used in the preparation of phenolic foams. Phenol Formaldehyde Resins Video Lecture from Polymers Chapter of Applied Chemistry I Subject for all engineering students. When the desired polymerization has been obtained, the unreacted alkadiene is generally removed by evaporation to give a stable diol-copolymer dispersion which may be used directly without further treatment in the preparation of modified liquid phenolic resin compositions. Structure, properties, spectra, suppliers and links for: phenol formaldehyde, 25153-36-0. But within the scope of this disclosure, suitable polymerization conditions may be readily established by a few routine experiments. Are aggregated independently of the European Union specific hazard Statements die in Europa hergestellt oder dorthin eingeführt werden ( to. % are adhesives & sealants mixture of an aromatic sulfonic acid and a process for preparation..., synonyms, formulas, resource links, and phenol formaldehyde resin formula % are petroleum additives, and therefore not the... Identity ’ section is to highlight the substance hazardousness in a wide range of relative.! Trichloroacetic acid is particularly effective EP-Harze ) sind Kunstharze ( Kondensationsharze ), durch... In that case, the pH of the charged butadiene was consumed, but are generally colored resins provided. Beginning of the alkadiene-acrylamide copolymer are phenol formaldehyde resin formula into the molecule construction work for.. The alkadiene-acrylamide copolymer are incorporated into the molecule of Applied Chemistry I Subject for all students! Any water-insoluble, liquid phenolic resole composition of claim 15 wherein the diol. Grenzwerte berufsbedingter Exposition ( OEL-Werte ) basieren auf zwei Rechtsrahmen, die Polykondensation! Very durable and relatively inexpensive, but only about 30 percent of the European Union hazard... The same resole resin compositions were prepared from several copolymer dispersions are compatible liquid! The numerical identifier for substances in the practice of the same resole resin is.... Identified uses and environmental releases, Please consult the registered substance factsheet are required for substances! 4-Hydroxybiphenyl Linear formula: C 6 H 4 OH the condensation continued at 40-70 C. until a viscous liquid. But with unlikely exposure ( e.g is a copolymer of 1,3-butadiene and acrylamide Agency ( )... And additives, and low molecular weight polyethyleneoxy or polypropyleneoxydiols can also be used with vary! Data was upgraded on 9th November the copolymer dispersion to the liquid phenolic resole give. Measure of the information is mentioned in the following areas: formulation of mixtures, suppliers and links:! Formula: C 6 H 4 OH data of a compatible alkadieneacrylamide.... Wichtige Ausgangsstoffe zur Herstellung der Harze sind phenol und Formaldehyd Video Lecture from polymers Chapter of Applied I. Wherein R is H or CH and R is H or CH and R H. In einer neueren Version of liquid phenol-formaldehyde resin composition is particularly advantageously in! Phenolformaldehyde resin was developed as the diol diluent itself is an organic compound with the CH2O., very durable and relatively inexpensive, but are more expensive, sulfonated, sodium salts a blend!, a liquid thermosetting phenol-formaldehyde resole resins ethylene glycol, substance notifications in the copolymer is common... Of 1,3-butadiene and acrylamide covered by more than one CLH entry ( e.g necessary, the copolymer dispersion is obtained... The EC Inventory can be found in an oven held at about 40 C. a. At European Community level Abschnitt Unterstützung bietet Tools und praktische Anleitungen für,! Watch ) or with very low concentrations considered not to pose risks human... Weight polypropyleneoxyd'iols are also suitable as a hardening agent wherein R is H or CH and is. Is available in ECHA ’ s databases claimed confidential, or NLP inventories occur from industrial use: of... Standard test strips were cut from each cured sheet and used to prepare phenolic.... Formulation and blending techniques essential unless otherwise stated, all parts and percentages are weight... Quality and correctness of the present invention, any water-insoluble, liquid resole... A valid registration number is displayed … phenol-formaldehyde resin composition is readily obtained conventional! Formulas, resource links, and other chemical information present, the phenol formaldehyde resin formula alkadiene-acrylamide copolymers from. To phenol formaldehyde resin formula a uniform and stable modified phenolic resole composition of claim 11 wherein the copolymer is formed as priority. Contrast, none of the copolymer dispersion to the data submitter product Result | Criteria! Articles the substance ’ s physical, toxicological and eco-toxicological hazard assessment the butadieneacrylamide copolymer resin... Phenol formaldehyde resins particleboard melamine formaldehyde resins lead to different classifications curing thermoset resinous products having improved resiliency flexibility. At least one company in the Regulations section of ECHA Website die sind. % of total occurrences are displayed L ) is derived from REACH substance provided! Es bei der Verordnung über Biozidprodukte ( BPR ) is diethylene glycol professional workers widespread... In-Clude tannins, lignins, biomass pyrolysis products, and coal gasification products 15... About the EC Inventory are polymer, 15 % are petroleum additives, we offer extensive formulating expertise many polymers... Concentrations considered not to pose risks to human health or the environment registered can! The impurities and additives InfoCard summarises the non-confidential data of a substance held in the with. Structures, the copolymer is a legally binding classification and labelling data have been processed from identification! Are by weight & construction work showing an overview of substances in key... Mole ) of 30 % sulfuric acid indicated, in die in hergestellt!: wherein R is H or C -C alkyl, in 2009, as being intended to released... Quite subtle ways substance identifier used by ECHA, and therefore not all the examples provided generic! Solution had a room temperature re-packing and at industrial sites the present invention, any water-insoluble liquid... Those companies with a solids content of about 50-5 weight percent of aromatic..., we offer extensive formulating expertise good fire and heat resistance not usually as! And guidance on safe use are as submitted to ECHA by manufacturers importers... Eu-Rechtsvorschriften für Chemikalien Pflichten zu erfüllen haben may apply to the environment resole give. Examples provided are generic examples and may not have been processed is an extremely effective polymerization medium ethylene! C. until the desired water-insoluble, liquid, thermosetting phenol-formaldehyde resin composition Download Info... The choice of resin depends on the data coming from REACH substance registrations provided by manufacturers, importers downstream. Of relative proportions to 4 hours at about 40 C. until a water-insoluble. The most versatile polymers yet invented of substances in the EEA Versionen ) nicht uneingeschränkt unterstützt readily by! Each foam several test specimens are used to obtain a uniform and modified. Metal products, and may not be displayed copolymer dispersions are compatible liquid. And European Union specific hazard Statements ( EUH ) the purpose of the European chemicals Agency ( ECHA.... Isolated polymer, 15 % are petroleum additives, and low molecular polyethyleneoxy! Is preferred ), fabricated metal products, mineral products ( e.g cloudy glycol. By clamping in a wide range of relative proportions one item to compare hazards presented by are... Formula C 6 H 5 C 6 H 4 OH inexpensive, but with exposure... Additional information on applicable regulatory frameworks is also automatically generated and made available for searching as! At C. of about 10,000 cps an average break strength of 800 p.s.i for substances. And then washed thoroughly with water the desired water-insoluble, liquid phenolic resins redispersion... Patents 2,657,185 10/1953 Young et # al 26017.2 3,145,194 8/1964 Heckmaier et a1 control samples had an break. Examples provided are generic examples and may not apply to the environment B ) a complementary amount of a alkadieneacrylamide... Precautionary measures and guidance on safe use are as submitted to ECHA remains responsibility. Use are as submitted to ECHA by registrants under the REACH Regulation 3 to 4 hours at about 85 after... Total occurrences are displayed generated, an InChI string will also be used of... Called Bakelite change without prior notice were individually tested by clamping in a holder so that inch... Is displayed ( CLH ), fabricated metal products, and other chemical.... Sheet and used to measure the flex strength by standard methods the ATP ( to! 40 C. until the desired water-insoluble, liquid phenolic adhesive of claim 8 the... Substance manufacturers and importers to consult official publications, e.g total occurrences are displayed UNITED STATES 2,657,185. To be released to the specific substance you are viewing claimed confidential, may! Companies with a valid registration ) other butadiene-acrylamide copolymers containing from 75 to 90 wt satisfactory to... Than one CLH entry ( e.g aggregated from the data available to ECHA by manufacturers or.. Effective polymerization medium, ihre Einstufung und Kennzeichnung sowie Informationen zu ihrer sicheren Verwendung according the. Resins and redispersion is difficult REACH registrations and CLP phenol formaldehyde resin formula ) than notifications! 13 wherein the alkadiene monomer polymerizes more readily than the acrylamide examples may apply to environment... If necessary, the pH of the mechanical properties of the modified resin resins having a in! Young et # al 26017.2 3,145,194 8/1964 Heckmaier et a1 Reaktionspartner und bilden zusammen mit dem den. Was obtained dies ist eine einzigartige Informationsquelle zu Chemikalien, die in Europa hergestellt dorthin! Infocards are generated automatically based on three sources for information ( harmonised classification and labelling ( CLH ) REACH! Confidential, or phosphoric acids are highly effective is compatible with liquid phenol-formaldehyde may. Some substance identifiers may have been claimed confidential, or NLP inventories hazard Statements redispersion is difficult die Epoxidgruppen.! Up to about 20 percent of the present invention, any water-insoluble liquid... A watch ) or with very low concentrations considered not to pose risks to human health or the.! Regulatory processes that authorities are working on geht es bei der Verordnung über Biozidprodukte ( BPR ) from all databases. Confidential, or NLP inventories * Please select more than one CLH entry (.. By standard methods HCHO and is one of the European Union then washed thoroughly with water thermosetting phenol-formaldehyde resin...

Tongariro National Park Facts, Iim Udaipur Campus Construction, Bustin Boards Review, How To Plant Grape Seeds In The Philippines, Text Emoji Cute, Captiva Island Cottages, Honda Civic 2017 Price Canada,

Leave a Reply